DJI Phantom 4Pro RTK/ PPK UAV survey for design & construction in Switzerland

Introduction

Today we are going to continue the theme how to use UAV for design and construction and now you have chance to look at a real survey in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

AGRUS SA, which develops and builds wide range of Real Estate and Business Projects including Design Real Estate Projects from the initial idea to the final construction project, ask our team to make a survey in purpose to get precise and detailed 3D models of land plots and infrastructure around this area for further designing and promotion material creating.

Pic.

Pic.

All land plots of new development projects are located in the foothills in close proximity to Lake Geneva with beautiful views to mountains and lake. (Pic.1,2)

We offered advanced drone technology that allows to survey large areas of land more accurately and faster than conventional survey techniques, providing clients with 3D models, contours and digital elevation models with rapid turnaround.

Survey and Data Processing

The following equipment and software were used for surveying (Pic.3,4):

  1. Two pieces of EMLID Reach RS+ GNSS receivers.
  2. DJI PHANTOM 4PRO PPK upgraded by Topodrone SA with additionally installed GNSS receiver connected to the camera.
  3. Pix4Dmapper software for 3D modelling, RTKlib for GNSS data post-processing and TOPOSETTER APP for images geotagging.
Pic.1 Area 1 and Area 2 location

Pic.1. Area 1 and Area 2 location.

 

Pic.2 3D view of Area 1 and Area 2 location.

Pic.2. 3D view of Area 1 and Area 2 location.

On the first stage Reach RS+ was installed on the tripod on the point with known coordinates. This GNSS receiver was used as a base for measuring ground check points (GCP) in RTK mode by the second REACH RS+ and this base station were collecting raw Rinex data in static mode during flights.

Pic.3,4. DJI PHANTOM 4PRO PPK, EMLID REACH RS+ GNSS receiver

Pic.3,4. DJI PHANTOM 4PRO PPK, EMLID REACH RS+ GNSS receiver.

On the first day we surveyed two different areas located within 2 km range from each other without a direct view. For time saving for the flights over area №1we used a base station installed in area №2. All flights and field works did not take a lot of time and were accomplished within one hour.

After flights GNSS data from the drone were downloaded and post processed together with Rinex file from the base station in order to get accurate coordinates of each image location. Finally we assigned accurate coordinates to each image to EXIF by TOPOSETTER APP.

Photogrammetry processing was made by Pix4D software without using GCP.

In general there are the following easy steps in Pix4Dmapper:

  • Import images together with accurate images coordinates and GCPs
  • Run initial processing to find tie points and to optimize internal and external parameters
  • Set up calibrated external camera parameters
  • Reoptimize photos
  • Check accuracy by defining check points location (Pic.5,6). Accuracy report is represented in Tab.1
  • Run Points cloud, DTM, DSM and orthophoto creation (Pic.7-12)

At the final stage results of aerial photo triangulation was checked by measured check points.

Pic.5. Defining check points location in PIX4D.

Pic.5. Defining check points location in PIX4D.

 

Pic.6. Ground check points location

Pic.6. Ground check points location

Tab.1. Accuracy report.

Tab.1. Accuracy report.

 

Pic.7. Dense points cloud.

Pic.7. Dense points cloud.

 

Pic.8. Dense points cloud classification.

Pic.8. Dense points cloud classification.

 

Pic.9. 3D model of area 2.

Pic.9. 3D model of area 2.

 

Pic.10. 3D model of area 2.

Pic.10. 3D model of area 2.

 

Pic.11. 3D model of area 2.

Pic.11. 3D model of area 2.

 

Pic.12. 3D model of area 2.

Pic.12. 3D model of area 2.

Resume

As a result of this survey we got high-resolution and high-precise 3D model which was highly rated by ARGUS SA. They will use this model in a construction project.

Fill this form if you need detailed workflow how to make PPK and photogrammetry process of high precision data in RTKlib and Pix4D software.

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